A resume, also loosely known as C.V. or CV or Curriculum Vitae, is the documented version of your life filtered for professional purposes.
By: Brenna Goyette
Did someone ask you to send them your resume and you are startled regarding it? Questions will be coming to your mind regarding what is this resume? How to make it? What to include in it? How can the person who asked for it be impressed? In this blog, we will be exploring everything regarding a resume that will clear your queries regarding it.
A resume, also loosely known as C.V. or CV or Curriculum Vitae, is the documented version of your life filtered for professional purposes. It is a formally structured draft that includes points regarding your basic information, education, past work experience, projects, skills and much more. It lengthens as your professional career expands. Job Seekers work extensively on improving it since it is the first official introduction of yourself to the hiring manager. The better your resume is, the more impressed the hiring manager will be and the job acceptance chance will increase. Every aspiring candidate looking for a job makes a resume but you need to make such a resume that must stand out from others.
Resume and CV are the passengers of the same ship. They are similar to each other except for some minor differences.
These were the common differences between the two. However, the point of interest is that they are only applicable in the United States. In the Europe Union, the difference doesn’t matter as both words are used as synonyms of each other. They are the same thing there. So don’t freak out if the employer in the EU asks for a C.V when you were expecting to give him a resume.
A resume is an initial step towards a job application. Every corporate’s hiring committee requires the candidate’s resume in the very first step. It is made to grab the employer’s interest and pave the way towards the interview session. It does not necessarily mean that you’ll get the job with an outstanding resume. The resume’s purpose is to get the job seeker to the interview chair. Be ready to defend your resume during the interview.
The resume must be such that the employer immediately counts you in for the interview. He only skims it and calls you. So you only have a few seconds to make an impression on the employer and get your seat booked for the interview session. Remember that resume is your representation to the employer; he only knows you through your resume, henceforth, it does not need to be good but it needs to be perfect!
A resume isn’t built up in a day. It requires a thought process and personalization before it is sent out. As stated before you have to impress the employer through it.
It’s time to write the resume but you don’t know what format to choose. There are a variety of formats available to choose from; you can either make a resume on your own or chose different websites to make it. Out of those many resume formats, the following three are the popular and common ones:
As the name suggests, the format involves listing down the essential components of a resume in chronological order. It is suited best for professionals who already have an established career and a compelling employment career and is looking to expand their career in another company.
In the chronological format, right after the name, address and career objectives, the work section is listed as it is the dominating factor. Past Work Experiences are listed in the work section in reverse order, that is, current or recent position in the beginning and then listing experiences in descending order towards the first work experience. Achievements, Projects, Responsibilities, Honors and Allocates are mentioned under each job listing.
Functional Format Resume focuses primarily on the skills, achievements and accomplishments of the job applicant. IT is a less common format amongst the professionals since it is highly suited for fresh graduates who are judged mostly based on their skills and accomplishments. Functional Format is recommended to individuals who are stepping into the professional market and initiating their corporate career after completion of their education. It is also suited for those who are opting for a career change.
Unlike the chronological format, the functional format involves listing down relevant skills for the job. It is suitable to personalize it according to the job you are applying for. The functional format must be such that it should be stressing individual area of competence.
The combination format is the hybrid model that is formulated with keeping in mind the significant aspects of Chronological and Functional Resumes. Chronological is for work experience and functional is for skills while combination which is the amalgam of two is ideal for both work experience and skills in a single document. The combination format is suited best for those who had a strong career and has built up a great skill set in their life till then. The format involves adding skills, interest and work experience right after the personal information. Follow the strategies stated above in both formats, that is: Adding Work Experience In descending order and prioritizing adding skills first that are relevant to the job.
Let us look at the major components that a resume must contain to satisfy an employer’s general requirement:
Personal Information involves your identity: Name, Permanent Address, Temporary Address, Email Address, Landline and Mobile Phone Numbers, Photograph, Social Media Handles (LinkedIn Primarily).
Career Objective defines the goal or vision you have towards the professional life. It can be permanent or temporary. A permanent career objective is a general one that can be used for any career or any firm. It is used to exhibit a long term goal and a broader vision and works for a long time. A temporary career objective is personalized for a specific organization or position. It is changed every time the resume is sent to other organizations.
Academic Information includes details regarding:
This section is the evidence of your work history and reflects the projects you performed there, skills used and the type of job you had been doing previously. Work Experience Section can be broken down into two subsections: Work History and Other Experience:
This section is the one that distinguishes the candidates from each other. It is highly likely for two candidates to have a similar academic profile and work experience but it is unlike for the two be proficient in similar skills. Skills include both technical skills and soft skills. Both of them are important for one to be successful in his professional career. You know yourself better, list down the skills you think you have in yourself, that you can prove to your employer on the field.
The following information is not necessary and will only lengthen your resume. However, it adds more crisp and finer details to the document that further defines who you are without meeting you.
The following information is essential. It highlights areas that will wither uplift your resume or make it a paper thrown in the trash. Go through them after you make the document.