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What does an Accountant do?

Learn all about Accountant duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become an Accountant.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

An accountant is a professional who performs financial calculations and reports for a company.

Accountant job duties include:

  • Maintaining financial records
  • Updating and reconciling ledgers
  • Processing invoices and payments
  • Preparing reports
  • Analysing financial data
  • Identifying trends and discrepancies
  • Assisting with auditing
  • Budgeting and forecasting
  • Tax planning and preparation
  • Providing advice on financial matters

Accountant Job Requirements

The job requirements for an accountant vary depending on the employer. However, most employers require at least a bachelor's degree in accounting or a related field. Some employers may also require certification, such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or Certified Management Accountant (CMA). In addition, employers usually prefer candidates with experience working in accounting or auditing.

Accountant Skills

  • Analytical skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Communication skills
  • Organizational skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Research skills
  • Writing skills
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Flexibility
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Time management skills

Related: Top Accountant Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become an Accountant

There are many reasons why someone might want to become an accountant. Perhaps they have always been good with numbers, or maybe they want to enter a stable and secure profession. Whatever the reason, becoming an accountant is a process that requires dedication and hard work. Here are a few tips on how to become an accountant:

1. Get a degree in accounting from a college or university. While it is possible to become an accountant without a degree, most employers prefer candidates who have at least a bachelor's degree in accounting.

2. Pass the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) exam. In order to become a licensed CPA, one must pass a rigorous exam administered by the state in which they wish to practice.

3. Gain experience working in an accounting firm or in the accounting department of a company. Many employers require candidates for accounting positions to have at least two years of experience.

4. Stay current on changes in accounting regulations and standards. The accounting profession is constantly evolving, so it is important to keep up with new developments.

5. Consider pursuing additional credentials, such as becoming a Certified Fraud Examiner or a Certified Management Accountant. These credentials can make you more attractive to potential employers and can help you advance your career.

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