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What does a State Trooper do?

Learn all about State Trooper duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become a State Trooper.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

A state trooper is a law enforcement officer who is responsible for enforcing state laws. Troopers typically have jurisdiction over a specific area of a state, such as a county or district. They are often responsible for patrolling highways and investigating crimes.

State Trooper job duties include:

  • Patrols assigned areas to enforce laws and ordinances.
  • Writes reports on daily activities and incidents.
  • Makes arrests as necessary.
  • Transports prisoners.
  • Testifies in court as required.
  • Inspects equipment and vehicles.
  • Provides assistance to motorists and others as needed.
  • Investigates accidents.
  • Prepares cases for court.

State Trooper Job Requirements

The job requirements for a State Trooper vary from state to state, but most require at least a high school diploma or GED. Some states require troopers to have a college degree, and many require them to complete a police academy training program. Troopers must also pass a physical fitness test and a written exam.

State Trooper Skills

  • Communication
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Writing
  • Reporting
  • Documentation
  • Investigation
  • Surveillance
  • Interviewing
  • Evidence collection
  • Arrest procedures
  • Use of force
  • Search and seizure

Related: Top State Trooper Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a State Trooper

In order to become a State Trooper, one must first meet the minimum qualifications. These qualifications include being a United States citizen, being at least 21 years old, having a high school diploma or GED, and possessing a valid driver’s license. One must also have no felony convictions, and must pass a physical examination. In addition, one must complete the State Trooper Academy training program.

The State Trooper Academy is a 26-week program that provides comprehensive training in law enforcement. The curriculum includes classroom instruction, physical training, and field experience. Upon successful completion of the academy, troopers are required to complete a one-year probationary period. During this time, they receive additional training and are evaluated on their performance.

If you are interested in becoming a State Trooper, contact your local state police agency for more information on how to apply.

Related: State Trooper Resume Example

Related: State Trooper Interview Questions (With Example Answers)