What does an X Ray Technician do?

Learn all about X Ray Technician duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become an X Ray Technician.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

An X-ray technician is a medical professional who uses specialized equipment to create images of the human body. These images are then used by physicians to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

X-ray technicians must complete an accredited training program and obtain a license from their state before they can practice.

X Ray Technician job duties include:

  • Position patients for x-rays
  • Operate x-ray equipment
  • Develop x-ray film
  • Monitor patients during procedures
  • Keep records of patient images
  • Maintain x-ray equipment
  • Protect patients and staff from radiation exposure
  • Prepare patients for procedures
  • Answer patient questions

X Ray Technician Job Requirements

An X Ray Technician must have completed a two-year accredited radiologic technology program and obtained certification from the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). Some states also require licensure. X Ray Technicians typically have one to two years of experience.

X Ray Technician Skills

  • X-Ray
  • Communication
  • Customer Service
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Organizational Skills
  • Multi-Tasking
  • Time Management
  • Scheduling
  • Prioritizing
  • Strong Work Ethic
  • Team Player

Related: Top X Ray Technician Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become an X Ray Technician

There are many ways to become an X Ray Technician. One can attend a two-year college, four-year university, or specialized training program. Many community colleges offer two-year programs that prepare students to take the national certification examination. A four-year degree is not required, but may be beneficial for career advancement. Specialized training programs are available at some hospitals and last six to twelve weeks.

Most X Ray Technician programs include coursework in anatomy and physiology, medical ethics, patient positioning, quality control, and radiation safety. Hands-on experience is gained through clinical rotations in diagnostic imaging departments. Students learn how to operate X ray equipment and perform various imaging procedures. They also gain experience working with patients of all ages.

Upon completion of an X Ray Technician program, graduates must pass a national certification examination. Certification is valid for five years and can be renewed through continuing education courses. Some states also require licensure. X Ray Technicians typically work in hospitals, clinics, or doctor’s offices. They may also find employment in industrial settings or mobile units. With experience, some X Ray Technicians may advance to supervisory positions or become instructors in diagnostic imaging programs.

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