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What does a Sheriff do?

Learn all about Sheriff duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become a Sheriff.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

A sheriff is a law enforcement officer who is responsible for maintaining the peace and enforcing the law in a county or local jurisdiction.

Sheriff job duties include:

  • Maintaining law and order
  • Protecting the public
  • Enforcing local, state and federal laws
  • Serving warrants and summonses
  • Investigating crimes
  • Making arrests
  • Transporting prisoners
  • Operating the jail
  • Supervising deputies
  • Court security

Sheriff Job Requirements

A sheriff is an elected law enforcement officer for a county. In order to be elected, a person must be at least 21 years old and have completed their high school education. They must also have experience working in law enforcement and pass a background check. Some counties may require that the sheriff has a college degree in criminal justice.

Sheriff Skills

  • Leadership
  • Strategy
  • Organization
  • Communication
  • Budgeting
  • Fiscal management
  • Human resources
  • Training
  • Policy development
  • Problem solving
  • Public speaking
  • Writing

Related: Top Sheriff Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a Sheriff

The position of sheriff is an important one in any county. The sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer and is responsible for the safety and security of the citizens. If you are interested in becoming a sheriff, there are a few things you need to know.

First, you will need to have a high school diploma or equivalent. You will also need to have at least 21 years of age and be a U.S. citizen. In addition, you will need to have a valid driver's license and a clean driving record.

Next, you will need to complete a basic law enforcement training program. This program will teach you the basics of law enforcement, including constitutional law, criminal procedure, and police tactics. Once you have completed this program, you will be eligible to take the state's certification exam.

After you have met all of the above requirements, you will need to submit an application to the sheriff's office in your county of residence. Once your application has been accepted, you will be scheduled for an interview with the sheriff. During this interview, the sheriff will ask you questions about your qualifications and experience.

If you are offered the position of sheriff, you will be required to complete a background check and drug test. You will also be required to take an oath of office, which includes swearing to uphold the Constitution and laws of the state in which you will be serving.

Related: Sheriff Resume Example

Related: Sheriff Interview Questions (With Example Answers)