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What does a Security Analyst do?

Photo of Brenna Goyette
Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 4 min read

A security analyst is responsible for the safety and security of an organization's computer systems and networks. They work to identify and protect against security risks, and they respond to incidents when they occur. Security analysts typically have a background in information technology or computer science.

Security Analyst job duties include:

  • Identify potential security risks and vulnerabilities within an organization
  • Develop and implement security policies and procedures
  • Conduct security audits to identify weaknesses and recommend improvements
  • Monitor compliance with security policies and procedures
  • Investigate incidents of computer fraud, abuse or unauthorized access
  • Prepare reports detailing findings and recommendations
  • Keep abreast of latest security trends and technologies
  • Train employees on security awareness and best practices
  • Assist in the development of disaster recovery plans
  • Provide input on information security issues to senior management

Security Analyst Job Requirements

Most security analyst positions require at least a bachelor's degree in computer science or a related field, although some employers may prefer candidates with a master's degree. Many organizations also require security analysts to have industry-recognized certifications, such as the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) certification. In terms of experience, most security analyst positions require at least three years of experience working in IT, although some employers may prefer candidates with five or more years of experience.

Security Analyst Skills

  • Security
  • Analysis
  • Risk
  • Management
  • Policy
  • Procedures
  • Implementation
  • Testing
  • Documentation
  • Reporting
  • Training
  • Coordination

Related: Top Security Analyst Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a Security Analyst

A security analyst is a professional who helps protect computer networks and systems from unauthorized access or theft. In order to become a security analyst, one must first earn a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field. Many employers also prefer candidates who have earned a master’s degree in business administration with a focus on information security.

After completing an educational program, the next step to becoming a security analyst is to gain experience in the field. Many analysts start their careers as entry-level IT professionals or in customer service positions. From there, they can move into positions such as network administrator or system administrator, which will give them the technical knowledge and experience needed to be successful in the role of security analyst.

In addition to experience, analysts must also possess strong analytical and problem-solving skills. They must be able to identify potential security threats and devise solutions to prevent them. They must also be able to effectively communicate with both technical and non-technical staff in order to explain complex concepts and provide instructions on how to implement security measures.

With the right education and experience, anyone can become a security analyst and help protect organizations from cyberattacks.

Related: Security Analyst Resume Example

Related: Security Analyst Interview Questions (With Example Answers)

Editorial staff

Photo of Brenna Goyette, Editor


Brenna Goyette

Expert Verified

Brenna is a certified professional resume writer, career expert, and the content manager of the ResumeCat team. She has a background in corporate recruiting and human resources and has been writing resumes for over 10 years. Brenna has experience in recruiting for tech, finance, and marketing roles and has a passion for helping people find their dream jobs. She creates expert resources to help job seekers write the best resumes and cover letters, land the job, and succeed in the workplace.

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