What does a Microbiology Technician do?

Learn all about Microbiology Technician duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become a Microbiology Technician.

Photo of Brenna Goyette
Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

A microbioogy technician is responsible for the day-to-day operation of a microbiology laboratory. This may include performing routine tasks such as culturing and maintaining bacteria cultures, as well as more specialized tasks such as conducting research on new strains of bacteria.

Microbiology Technician job duties include:

  • Perform various tests on water, food, and air samples to determine the presence of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms
  • Collect samples from patients for testing
  • Prepare culture media and inoculate samples onto culture media
  • Incubate cultures and examine for growth
  • Identify microorganisms using various methods such as Gram staining, biochemical tests, and molecular techniques
  • Perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing to determine the effectiveness of antibiotics against bacteria
  • Maintain accurate records of all tests performed and results obtained
  • Clean and sterilize laboratory equipment
  • Follow all safety protocols when handling infectious materials

Microbiology Technician Job Requirements

A Microbiology Technician typically needs an Associate's degree in medical laboratory technology, although a Bachelor's degree may be preferred by some employers. Certification from the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) is also often required. Experience in a clinical laboratory is also helpful.

Microbiology Technician Skills

  • Aseptic technique
  • Microbiology
  • Sterile technique
  • Cell culture
  • Molecular biology
  • PCR
  • DNA extraction
  • RNA extraction
  • Gel electrophoresis
  • Western blotting

Related: Top Microbiology Technician Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a Microbiology Technician

A Microbiology Technician is a laboratory professional who works with microorganisms. They are responsible for culturing, maintaining, and observing microorganisms, as well as performing tests on them. In order to become a Microbiology Technician, one must have a strong background in biology and chemistry. They must also be able to work independently and be detail-oriented.

Those interested in becoming a Microbiology Technician should first earn a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field. During their undergraduate studies, they should take courses in microbiology, immunology, and biochemistry. After completing their degree, they should then complete a Microbiology Technician training program. These programs are typically offered at community colleges and technical schools. Upon completion of the program, the individual will earn a certificate or associate’s degree in Microbiology Technology.

Once the individual has completed their education and training, they can then apply for jobs at hospitals, clinics, research laboratories, or pharmaceutical companies. Most Microbiology Technicians start out working under the supervision of more experienced technicians or scientists. With experience, they can eventually advance to positions with more responsibility such as lead technician or manager.

Related: Microbiology Technician Resume Example

Related: Microbiology Technician Interview Questions (With Example Answers)