What does a Hairdresser do?

Learn all about Hairdresser duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become a Hairdresser.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 2 min read

A hairdresser is someone who cuts and styles hair.

Hairdresser job duties include:

  • Greeting customers and making them feel welcome
  • Consulting with customers to determine their needs
  • Cutting, coloring, and styling hair
  • Shampooing and conditioning hair
  • Applying treatments to hair and scalp
  • Giving scalp massages
  • Selling hair care products
  • Cleaning work areas and sterilizing equipment
  • Keeping up with current trends in hair styles

Hairdresser Job Requirements

A hairdresser typically needs a high school diploma or GED. Some jobs may require cosmetology certification. Many hairdressers have on-the-job training. Some states require hairdressers to be licensed.

Hairdresser Skills

  • Haircutting
  • Hairstyling
  • Hair coloring
  • Hair texturing
  • Hair extensions
  • Wigs
  • Braiding
  • Updos
  • Chemical straightening
  • Relaxers
  • Keratin treatments

Related: Top Hairdresser Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a Hairdresser

A hairdresser is someone who cuts, colors, and styles hair. Most hairdressers are self-employed and work in salons. Some hairdressers also work in film and television.

Becoming a hairdresser requires completing a cosmetology program at a vocational school or community college. Many cosmetology programs take about nine months to complete, but some programs can take up to two years to complete. During the program, students learn about hair care, skin care, makeup, and nail care.

After completing a cosmetology program, most states require hairdressers to pass a licensing exam. Once licensed, hairdressers can start working in salons. Some hairdressers may choose to open their own salon.

To be successful as a hairdresser, it is important to be creative and have good people skills. It is also important to keep up with the latest trends in hair styles.

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