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What does a Geographer do?

Learn all about Geographer duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become a Geographer.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

Geographers study the physical and human features of the Earth's surface. They use this information to help us understand the world around us.

Geographer job duties include:

  • Conducting fieldwork to collect data
  • Interpreting and analyzing geographical data
  • Using geographical information systems (GIS)
  • Conducting research on the physical and human aspects of a region
  • Studying the effects of human activity on the environment
  • Preparing reports and maps
  • Presenting findings to clients or employers
  • Teaching geography in schools or colleges
  • Writing articles for publication in academic journals

Geographer Job Requirements

A Geographer typically needs a Bachelor's degree in geography, although some research positions may require a Master's degree or Ph.D. In addition, many employers prefer candidates who have experience working with geographic information systems (GIS). Certification through the American Association of Geographers (AAG) is also helpful in getting a job as a Geographer.

Geographer Skills

  • Analytical skills
  • Communication skills
  • Computer skills
  • Critical thinking
  • Data analysis
  • Database management
  • GIS
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Map reading
  • Math skills
  • Organizational skills
  • Problem solving

Related: Top Geographer Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a Geographer

There are many paths that one can take to become a geographer. A geographer studies the physical and human features of the earth's surface. They may study the landforms, climates, soils, vegetation, and water bodies of a region. They may also study the way people use and change the earth's resources. To become a geographer, you will need to have strong skills in math and science. You should also be able to read and interpret maps. Good communication and writing skills are also important.

If you are interested in becoming a geographer, you should start by taking classes in geography, math, and science in high school. You can also volunteer or intern with organizations that do geographical research. Once you have completed your education, you should look for entry-level jobs with government agencies, environmental organizations, or planning firms. With experience, you can eventually move into management or teaching positions.

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