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What does a Database Administrator do?

Learn all about Database Administrator duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become a Database Administrator.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 3 min read

A database administrator is responsible for the performance, integrity and security of a database. They will also develop, implement and maintain database management systems, as well as oversee the development and implementation of new applications.

Database Administrator job duties include:

  • Planning and development of the database structure
  • Installation and configuration of the database management system
  • Designing and implementing backup and recovery procedures
  • Ensuring data security and integrity
  • Monitoring database performance and optimizing query execution
  • Managing user access privileges
  • Capacity planning to accommodate future growth
  • Database tuning to improve overall performance
  • Automating routine maintenance tasks
  • Providing 24/7 support for mission-critical systems

Database Administrator Job Requirements

Most employers require a Database Administrator to have a Bachelor’s degree in computer science, information systems, or a related field. Many companies also prefer candidates who have earned certification in database management, such as the Certified Database Administrator (CDA) designation from the Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals. In addition to formal education and certification, employers also value experience working with databases in a professional setting.

Database Administrator Skills

  • SQL
  • Database design
  • T-SQL
  • Data modeling
  • Stored procedures
  • Performance tuning
  • Query optimization
  • Backup and recovery
  • High availability
  • Disaster recovery
  • Security
  • Change management

Related: Top Database Administrator Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become a Database Administrator

A database administrator (DBA) is responsible for the installation, configuration, upgrade, administration, monitoring and maintenance of databases. They are also responsible for ensuring the security and integrity of the data. In order to become a DBA, you will need to have a strong understanding of database concepts and have experience working with databases.

There are many different types of databases, so it is important that you have experience working with more than one type. You should also be familiar with different database management systems (DBMS). Some common DBMS include Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle Database, IBM DB2 and MySQL.

In addition to having strong technical skills, you must also be able to effectively communicate with other members of the IT team as well as business users. You will need to be able to explain complex technical concepts in plain English.

If you are interested in becoming a DBA, there are many resources available to help you get started. There are numerous books and online tutorials that can teach you the basics of working with databases. Many software vendors also offer certification programs that will give you the skills and knowledge needed to become a certified DBA.

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