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What does an Interior Designer do?

Learn all about Interior Designer duties, skills and much more. Get expert advice on how to become an Interior Designer.

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Brenna Goyette
Certified Professional Resume Writer, Career Expert

Published 5 min read

An interior designer is a professional who plans, researches, coordinates, and manages projects that create interior environments.

Interior Designer job duties include:

  • Researching and analyzing design trends, materials and color palettes
  • Space planning and creating floor plans
  • Selecting furniture, fabrics, lighting and accessories
  • Coordinating with architects, engineers and other professionals on larger projects
  • Creating presentations and proposals for clients
  • Generating cost estimates and project timelines
  • Overseeing the installation of design elements
  • Inspecting completed projects and addressing any issues that arise
  • Conducting post-occupancy evaluations to ensure client satisfaction

Interior Designer Job Requirements

An Interior Designer is responsible for the design, layout, and furnishing of residential and commercial spaces. They work with clients to determine their needs and tastes, and then create a plan that meets those needs. Interior Designers often have a degree in interior design, architecture, or a related field. Many states also require them to be licensed. In addition to formal education and training, Interior Designers must have good communication and problem-solving skills. They must be able to work independently and as part of a team. They must also be able to handle multiple projects at one time and meet deadlines.

Interior Designer Skills

  • Communication
  • Organization
  • Creativity
  • Sketching
  • Space Planning
  • Furniture Selection
  • Fabric Selection
  • Window Treatments
  • Flooring
  • Lighting
  • Accessories

Related: Top Interior Designer Skills: Definition and Examples

How to become an Interior Designer

There is no one answer to the question of how to become an interior designer. However, there are certain steps that anyone interested in pursuing a career in this field should take. First, it is important to develop a strong foundation in the basic principles of design. This can be accomplished by taking courses at a community college or university, or by studying on one’s own. Second, it is essential to gain experience in the industry, either through internships or working in entry-level positions. Third, it is helpful to build a network of contacts and resources within the interior design community. Finally, it is important to stay current with trends and developments in the field.

Those who wish to become interior designers must first develop a strong foundation in the basic principles of design. This can be accomplished by taking courses at a community college or university, or by studying on one’s own. Interior designers must have a good understanding of space planning, color theory, lighting design, and furniture design. They should also be familiar with building codes and regulations, as well as safety concerns.

Second, it is essential for aspiring interior designers to gain experience in the industry. One way to do this is through internships with design firms or other businesses related to the field. Internships provide opportunities to learn about the day-to-day operations of a design business and to observe experienced professionals at work. Another way to gain experience is by working in entry-level positions such as assistant designer or showroom salesperson. These jobs offer firsthand experience with many aspects of the interior design process, from meeting with clients and discussing their needs to selecting furniture and accessories and overseeing installation.

Third, it is helpful for those interested in becoming interior designers to build a network of contacts and resources within the interior design community. Joining professional organizations such as the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) or attending trade shows and conferences are great ways to meet other professionals and learn about new products and trends. Additionally, keeping up with industry publications such as Interiors magazine will help one stay current with what’s happening in the world of interior design.

Finally, it is important for those wishing to pursue a career in interior design to stay current with trends and developments in the field. Continuing education courses are available through many colleges and universities, as well as online learning platforms such as Lynda.com. Reading professional journals and blogs, following influencers on social media, and attending trade shows are also great ways to stay abreast of new developments in interior design.

Related: Interior Designer Resume Example

Related: Interior Designer Interview Questions (With Example Answers)